What is Hyaluronic Acid?
Hyaluronic Acid (HA) is a cluster of sugar molecules called polysaccharides. It’s found naturally in the fluid of various body parts such as the eyes, skin and joints. It acts as a cushion and lubricant in the joints and other tissues. Scientists have the ability to produce hyaluronic acid from bacteria in a lab environment and in it’s man-made form has been found helpful for a variety of bodily functions. Hyaluronic Acid is available as an oral supplement as well as an ingredient in a topical form. It is also used for dermal filler treatments where it is injected into the face to plump up the skin and lessen the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines.
The amount of naturally occurring hyaluronic acid in the skin does decrease over time as a result of the aging process and some environmental causes. Due to its super-moisturizing capabilities, it is now found at the top of the ingredient list of many serums, moisturizing creams and other skincare products.
What Does Hyaluronic Acid Do for Skin?
Hyaluronic Acid does several things for the skin:
- Makes the skin act like a sponge so it holds on to moisture
- Gives a healthy, luminous appearance
- Attaches to water molecules to boost skin’s water content
- Helps create a protective barrier to prevent bacteria from entering that can cause various types of skin conditions; including acne, eczema, rosacea and dermatitis.
Hyaluronic Acid Benefits
- Provides excellent hydration
- Helps with soft tissue growth
- Encourages the body to produce more collagen and elastin
- Diminishes chances of permanent scarring
Side Effects of Hyaluronic Acid
Since Hyaluronic Acid is a natural substance in the body, there are very few known side effects. The most commonly reported side effects are allergic reactions, which most likely are a result of the combination of Hyaluronic Acid with other ingredients that can trigger rashes and other allergic reactions.
Other side effects have been reported when HA is delivered as an injectable treatment, but in such cases the side effects are more a result of the actual injection, and not the Hyaluronic Acid itself.